Canada's Food Guide for First Nations, Inuit, and Métis

The Aboriginal Peoples population has deeply rooted traditions around their food choices. Often these practices involve hunting, trapping, fishing and harvesting wild foods. It is important that the Aboriginal Peoples population has a food guide which reflects their values and traditions, while offering suggestions for how to eat a healthy balanced meal.26 

Health Canada produces the Eating Well with Canada’s Food Guide: First Nations, Inuit and Métis.

The guide includes examples of traditional foods of Canada’s Aboriginal Peoples, such as bannock, game meats, fiddleheads, and wild rice. Each food group also includes alternative choices, as well as store-bought foods which are available in remote and rural communities.27 For example, some First Nations, Inuit and Métis people do not consume milk products; therefore the guide includes suggestions on how to get the nutrients offered in the milk and alternatives food group through food choices such as fortified soy beverages or bannock (made with baking powder). Like the conventional food guide, recommendations are made for various age groups and gender.

Fast Fact: 

Between 2006 and 2011, the entire Aboriginal Peoples population (First Nations, Inuit and Métis) in Canada increased by 20.1 per cent.25